The resistance of the four European worlds of welfare from the birth of the euro

Vol. 41 No. 2 (2021)

Apr-Jun / 2021
Published March 30, 2021
PDF-English
PDF-English

How to Cite

Losada, Antón, and Cristina Ares. 2021. “The Resistance of the Four European Worlds of Welfare from the Birth of the Euro”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 41 (2), 271-91. https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-31572021-3066.

The resistance of the four European worlds of welfare from the birth of the euro

Antón Losada
Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela/ Coruña, Spain.
Cristina Ares
Senior Lecturer of Political Science, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela/ Coruña, Spain.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 41 No. 2 (2021), Apr-Jun / 2021, Pages 271-291

Abstract

This article compares parliamentary preferences on welfare expenditure in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, and the United Kingdom between 1996 and 2013. The analysis is focused on the relationship between the type of welfare regime and the programmatic offer on the volume of social spending. Two indexes were calculated: social spending and social retrenchment. Upon emergence from the recession, an increasingly homogeneous conception is detected of social policies as being subordinated to economic policies; convergence has occurred within each of the worlds of welfare, maintaining the variation among them found prior to the Crisis.

JEL Classification: H; H5; H51; H52; H53; H55.


Keywords: Political preferences, Manifesto Project, social spending, social retrenchment, welfare regimes, welfare state reforms