Brazilian, Chinese, and Indian exports: is the regional market really a source of learning?
In some Latin American countries the exporting activity starts at a regional level, with producers only later venturing into more competitive markets. The implicit risk is that a country might never progress from the regional stage to a more global market. This article compares the experiences of Brazil, China and India. It is shown that Brazil relied on the regional market far more intensely than these Asian countries. There were clear gains accruing to China and India for having exploited more sophisticated markets from the very beginning of their export drive.
JEL Classification: F13; F14; F15; F43.
Keywords: international trade regional trade export competitiveness manufactured exports export survival