The false promises of the (second) Washington consensus

Vol. 27 No. 4 (2007)

Oct-Dec / 2007
Published March 17, 2020

How to Cite

Berr, Eric, and François Combarnous. 2007. “The False Promises of the (second) Washington Consensus : Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean (1990-2003)”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 27 (4):525-45.

The false promises of the (second) Washington consensus

evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean (1990-2003)

Eric Berr
University of Bordeaux, CNRS, avenue Léon Duguit, 33608 Pessac, France
François Combarnous
Associate professors at Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV, France.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 27 No. 4 (2007), Oct-Dec / 2007, Pages 525-545


The objective of this paper is twofold. Firstly, we show how, and to what extent, Latin American and Caribbean countries applied the precepts of the second Washington consensus, i.e. a consensus which stresses the capital account liberalization. Secondly, we highlight the effects of this set of reforms on their economies. Thus, we show that countries having most scrupulously followed these recommendations did not experience better economic results. On the contrary, their situation as regards inequality and debt is getting worse than others.

JEL Classification: O11, O19, O54, E61, F42.

Keywords: Washington consensus Financial liberalization Macroeconomic policy International financial institutions Latin America Caribbean